Symptoms vary from person to person and can include:
- Intense throbbing or pulsing pain
- Pain on one side of the head
- Nausea or vomiting
- Extreme sensitivity to light, noise or smells
- Blurred vision
Some patients experience an “aura” before a migraine. Auras begin gradually, build up and then fade, and can include:
- Flashing lights, zig-zag patterns or blind spots
- Tunnel vision
- Numbness or tingling in the face or hands
- Muscle weakness
After a migraine attack, you may feel exhausted, confused, moody, dizzy or weak.
Migraines are about three times more common in women than men2
While the causes of migraines aren’t well understood, for some people certain “triggers” can raise the risk of having a migraine attack. These may include:
- Certain foods, drinks or smells
- Alcohol or caffeine
- Bright lights or loud noises
- Weather changes
- Lack of sleep
- Hunger or dehydration
Living with migraines
While we don’t yet have a cure, taking preventive medications, such as Qudexy® XR, can help reduce the frequency of migraines. You can also take control by being proactive.
- Be alert for signs that may signal an upcoming migraine, including mood changes, food cravings, increased thirst and urination, even frequent yawning.
- Pay attention to what seems to trigger your headaches and avoid the triggers when you can.
- Help manage your migraines by changing your diet; eating, sleeping and exercising regularly; and reducing stress.
- Talk to your family, friends and employer to help them understand how your migraines can affect your ability to fulfill your responsibilities.
- Talk to your healthcare provider about ways to stop migraines before they start.
How a doctor may diagnose migraines
A physician trained in treating headaches can diagnose migraines based on:
- Medical history
- Family history of migraines
- Physical and neurological exam
Your doctor may also order additional tests, such as an MRI or CT scan, to rule out any other causes.